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Group Health Cooperative

Group Health Cooperative Insurance Company Details

Group Health Cooperative logo
Former type
NonprofitIndustryHealthcareFoundedDecember 22, 1945
(74 years ago)
 (1945-12-22)FoundersThomas G. Bevan, Ella Willams, Addison Shoudy, R.M Mitchell, and Stanley EricksonDefunctFebruary 1, 2017
(3 years ago)
Seattle Edit this on Wikidata


United States of America Edit this on Wikidata

Group Health Cooperative Plans details Review

Group Health Cooperative, (formerly known as Group Health Cooperative of Puget Sound), later more commonly known as Group Health, was a Seattle, Washington based nonprofit healthcare organization.

Group Health Cooperative citation needed


Patients who received care at its medical centers were provided Web access to their medical records, secure emailing with doctors and nurses, and the ability to fill prescriptions online that are mailed to homes without a shipping charge.[citation needed]

Group Health Cooperative Corporate structure

Despite being marketed as a cooperative for much of the organization’s history, Group Health never legally presented itself as a cooperative. It was a nonprofit organization with members. Members were always able to amend bylaws and elect a board of trustees, but never owned organization assets or directly controlled operations.

Group Health Community Foundation (GHCF) was funded with the acquisition with approximately $1.8 billion in assets. Founded in 1983, the new GHCF is entirely independent of Kaiser Permanente. GHCF will continue to invest in efforts to improve health and health care through immunizations, innovation, and patient care.

Group Health Cooperative History

Group Health was officially registered as a corporation in Washington on December 22, 1945. Group Health’s founders included Thomas G. Bevan, then president of lodge 751 of the International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers at Boeing; Ella Willams, a leader in a local chapter of The National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry; Addison Shoudy, R.M Mitchell, and Stanley Erickson, who were pioneers in the American cooperative movement; and other community members who had no strong past affiliation with any particular social group.

Originally named Group Health Cooperative of Puget Sound, the “of Puget Sound” was dropped in 1995.[citation needed]

The Seattle Times noted in 2012 that non-profit insurance companies, including Premera Blue Cross, Regence BlueShield, and Group Health, were stockpiling billions of dollars in reserves while increasing their rates at the same time.

On December 4, 2015, it was announced that Group Health would be acquired by Kaiser Permanente. In January 2017 Washington State regulators endorsed the acquisition of Group Health by Kaiser Permanente. The acquisition resulted in a newly formed not-for-profit 501(c)(4) under the name Group Health Community Foundation (GHCF).

Group Health Cooperative citation needed


Group Health Cooperative Group Health Cooperative Medical Library

Group Health Cooperative Medical Library was founded in 1969. As of 2011 it subscribed to 8,000 electronic journals and had 400 books. It specializes in allied health professions, medicine, health maintenance organizations, health administration, nursing, and pharmacy.

Group Health Cooperative citation needed


  • Kaiser Permanente

Group Health Cooperative Bibliography

  • Walt Crowley, To Serve the Greatest Number, University of Washington Press, 1996. The most thorough history published.
  • Walt Crowley and HistoryLink, Group Health Timeline, HistoryLink, 2007. An update and summary of To Serve the Greatest Number.
  • Saunders, K. W.; Davis, R. L.; Stergachis, A. (2000). “Group Health Cooperative of Puget Sound”. Pharmacoepidemiology. p. 247. doi:10.1002/0470842555.ch15. ISBN 0471899259.
  • Kuttner, Robert (1998). “Must Good HMOs Go Bad? — The Commercialization of Prepaid Group Health Care”. New England Journal of Medicine. 338 (May 21): 1558–1563. doi:10.1056/NEJM199805213382123. PMID 9599120.
  • Thompson, Robert S. (1996). “What have HMOs learned about clinical prevention services? An examination of the experience at Group Health Cooperative of Puget Sound”. The Milbank Quarterly. 74 (4): 469-. JSTOR 3350390.

Group Health Cooperative Official website

Updated: April 22, 2020 — 11:39 pm

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